What is Methamphetamine?
Methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant substance that is similar in structure to the class of drugs known as amphetamines. Methamphetamine is classified as a Schedule II drug and is available only through a prescription that cannot be refilled due to its high potential for addiction. Although methamphetamine can be prescribed by a doctor, its medical uses are extremely limited, and the doses that are prescribed are significantly lower than those typically abused by a user. The majority of the methamphetamine abused in this country comes from foreign or domestic super labs, although it can also be made in small, illegal labs, where its production endangers the environment, the people in the labs, and neighbors.
Methamphetamine comes in many forms and can be injected, snorted, smoked, or orally ingested. The preferred method of methamphetamine abuse varies by geographical region and has come to change over time. When Methamphetamine is smoked is has a different effect, which leads to very fast uptake of the drug in the brain, and has become more common in recent years, amplifying methamphetamine's addiction potential and adverse health consequences.
[Data from National Institute on Drug Abuse]
How Does Someone End Up Needing A Meth Rehab Center
Methamphetamine increases the release and blocks the reuptake of the brain chemical (or neurotransmitter) known as dopamine, leading to high levels of the chemical in the brain—a common mechanism of action for most drugs of abuse. Dopamine is most often involved in reward, motivation, the experience of pleasure, and fine motor function. Methamphetamine’s ability to release dopamine rapidly in reward regions of the brain produces the “rush” of intense euphoria that many users feel after snorting, smoking, or injecting the drug. Chronic abuse of methamphetamine significantly changes how the brain functions. Noninvasive human brain imaging studies have shown alterations in the activity of the dopamine system that are associated with reduced motor skills and impaired verbal learning and memory.
The White House Drug Policy reports that repeated methamphetamine abuse can also lead to addiction—a chronic, relapsing to the drug characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, which is accompanied by chemical and molecular changes in the users brain. Some of these changes continue long after methamphetamine abuse is stopped. The reversal of some of the changes, however, may be observed after sustained periods of abstinence or 1 year or more. Transmission of HIV and hepatitis B and C can also be consequences of methamphetamine abuse. The intoxicating effects of methamphetamine, regardless of how it is administered, can also alter judgment and inhibition and can lead people to engage in dangerous behaviors, including risky sexual behavior. To the abusers who inject the drug, HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases can be spread through contaminated syringes, needles, and other injection equipment that is used by more than one person. Methamphetamine abuse has also been proven worsen the progression of HIV/AIDS and its consequences. Studies of methamphetamine abusers who are HIV-positive indicate that HIV causes greater neuronal injury and cognitive impairment for the individuals in this group compared with HIV-positive people who do not use methamphetamine.
Methamphetamine addiction is one of the toughest to overcome. A long term meth habit leaves a person ill-prepared to withstand the enduring symptoms of withdrawal, such as anxiety and depression. Meth damages the brain, and although memory, concentration and cognitive abilities do improve in time, the risk of relapse is high during those initial few months filled with powerful drug cravings. Most people need a meth rehab center to really break free from the people and places that prompt excessive temptation and to learn life skills that work to minimize the odds of relapse. Meth addiction is tough, but with treatment, manageable.
Once a person starts using meth it is difficult to stop. A meth rehab center equipped to rehabilitate those addicted can help someone fully recovery from meth addiction.
What are the components of a successful meth rehab center?
A rehab center for meth should begin by addressing three main components caused by meth addiction:
1. Cravings – Once a person starts using meth they will crave the drug. As they use more and more and then try to stop it will become more and more difficult to stay off the drug. Thoughts will be consumed with getting meth and the individual will go to all lengths to get it.
2. Depression – The other thing that happens when someone stops using meth is that they will get extremely depressed. The only way to feel better again is to use the drug. Life quickly becomes like a roller coaster; using more of the drug to not feel depressed and not being able to stop using because of the feelings of depression.
3. Guilt – Many people that abuse meth will do and say things that could be described as out of character. Because the individual is basically good, the feel guilt over their misdeeds. To feel better, they will use more and more of the drug, commit more misdeeds to get it and continue to feel guilt.
The center should use a physical component for handling cravings. The most successful approach to this is through sauna detoxification that does not use drugs to get the individual off meth.
The next part of the program should deal with the guilt and depression connected to addiction. This would be through life skills therapy that helps the individual clean up past misdeeds and organize their life to be happy and productive without the use of drugs.
For more information on meth contact Narconon at 800-468-6933.